Mountainmen (trappers, mountain people) are hunters of fur-bearing animals, trailblazers and fur traders in the Wild West of the USA. The first mountainmen appeared in the area of the Rocky Mountains. Mountain-men contributed to the settlement of hard-to-reach and remote areas of the Wild West. Some of them served as guides and escorted the first caravans of settlers along the Oregon path to the West. During the journey, they filled in diaries, maps, sketches and notes about the rivers on which they sailed, and about the people they met. Mountain-menknew all about herbal remedies and knew how to provide first aid.The trapper’s equipment usually included: a leather jacket, trousers made of fabric, fur loafers, a hat or a winter raincoat. On the belt above the left shoulder hung knives, ax, gunpowder and lead. Typical hunting rifles were Hawken by brothers Jacob and Samuel Hawken. The language of the trappers included various English, French, Spanish and Indian borrowings.